What Is Anomic Aphasia?

Anomic aphasia is a mild form of aphasia in which the individual has difficulty with word-finding, or naming items.

In anomic aphasia, speech is typically fluent and produced with seeming ease. However, the individual might have trouble retrieving specific words, especially nouns and verbs.

A person with anomic aphasia will typically speak in complete, grammatically correct sentences. However, they might use vague words like “thing” or describe an item that they cannot name. For instance, someone who cannot think of the word “apple” might say, “I ate a red, round fruit for lunch.” Speech therapists can work with people with anomic aphasia on tasks to improve their naming and word-finding.

Characteristics of Anomic Aphasia

  • People with anomic aphasia usually have good comprehension; they can understand spoken messages
  • They usually are able to read
  • They might have the same difficulty with word retrieval when writing as they do when speaking
  • People with anomic aphasia are often able to successfully communicate using strategies to work around their word-finding difficulties
  • People with anomic aphasia are sometimes able to produce the word when given a cue, like the first letter of the word

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