How Stroke Affects Speech
Strokes affect each individual differently depending on the extent of the damage and the area of the brain affected. Damage to one of the language areas of the brain will often result in aphasia. Aphasia is a communication impairment that impacts identity and relationships because of difficulties speaking, understanding, reading, and writing (Kagan & Simmons-Mackie, 2013).
The left hemisphere of the brain controls the right side of the body and the right hemisphere of the brain controls the left side of the body. Damage to the different hemispheres of the brain will result in different impairments. Based on location of the stroke, the following may be affected.