The Role of Occupational and Physical Therapists in Treating Aphasia
Occupational Therapists (OTs):
Many stroke survivors experience changes in their physical, cognitive, and emotional abilities that make daily activities related to work, school, parenting or leisure difficult.
Following hospital discharge, occupational therapists (OTs) focus on helping patients become as functional as possible. Often this includes caregiver education and training.
Other OT interventions include home modifications, assistive technology training, and wheelchair prescriptions for improving quality of life and increasing independence.
OTs collaborate with patients, families, and caregivers to determine which activities are necessary, meaningful, and/or relevant to them. Examples include:
- Helping patients reacquire self-care skills
- Teaching adaptive tasks that help the person to safely perform activities of daily living (ADLs)
- Addressing ongoing deficits such as weakness, sensory loss, and cognitive or visual impairments
- Community reintegration and modifying tasks or environments
- Training in the use of assistive technology, to maximize independent ADLs
- Performing work-related task analysis and work site evaluations, and recommending modifications as needed
- Evaluating and treating swallowing difficulties
- Developing coping strategies to support psychosocial health, well-being, and self-care
- Teaching and promoting healthy lifestyle habits and routines to minimize the risk of a subsequent stroke
- Developing strategies to overcome barriers to sexual intimacy
- Providing driving readiness evaluations and any necessary equipment recommendations