There are several different types of aphasia. While there are common characteristics, each type of aphasia presents unique symptoms and many people with aphasia show overlapping symptoms.

Intelligence and cognition are not affected by aphasia. Because of the damage to the left hemisphere of the brain, many people with aphasia also have weakness on the right side of the body. Writing ability can be impacted by any associated weakness or paralysis in the hand and arm.

Aphasia can improve with time and therapy. Working with a speech-language pathologist can help someone with aphasia make as much improvement as possible. Many people see significant improvement following the stroke or brain injury, and improvement can continue for years, especially with ongoing therapy and practice.

Helpful Aphasia Communication Strategies

The following tips are helpful to remember when communicating with someone who has any type of aphasia.

  • Speak slowly and clearly
  • Use simple sentences and single words
  • Write down key words
  • Incorporate multi-modal communication, including gestures, pictures, drawings, and technology
  • Focus on communication that is immediately relevant to the situation
  • Establish a context before communicating
  • Repeat and rephrase what is said
  • Let the person with aphasia know if you are not understanding them

Read on to learn more about the individual types of aphasia.

Back to The Aphasia Resource Library

Visit the Aphasia Resource Library